What’s the first thing a city should do if it has a parking shortage?
At a PS21 event on April 2, Michael Manville said the city should “play with the prices” to get people to change when and where they park.
“It’s probably the first ten things you try,” he told an audience of about 100 at 3S Artspace in Portsmouth. “If you’re still not getting the return you want, you would think about adding supply.”
The question was one of many parking policy questions Manville, assistant professor of City & Regional Planning at Cornell University, addressed during a presentation “Parking and Downtown Vitality” at 3S Artspace. Manville studies studies the relationships between transportation and land use, and local public finance, with a particular emphasis on urban parking.
The presentation was funded in part by the Geoffrey E. Clark and Martha Fuller Clark Donor Fund of the NH Charitable Foundation.
Over the course of an hour, Manville built the case that properly priced parking is crucial to the success of downtowns.
He began by reminding the audience of the purpose of parking — simply put, to assure drivers they will find a parking spot. That’s why cities aim for 85 percent parking occupancy, rather than 100 percent. With examples and evidence ranging from Tulsa to California to Portsmouth, Manville explored the relationship between parking and downtown economies and how cities try to strike a balance between parking that is easy to find, cheap, and a reliable source of revenue. (Hint: you can’t have all three).
The event was the first in a PS21 series this spring that will look at what other communities have learned about transportation solutions for now and for the future.
The Coruway Film Institute, a series sponsor, recorded the presentation April 2 and Seacoast Media Group was media sponsor.
(SAVE THE DATE: Tuesday, April 28. Rick Chellman, who consults nationally and internationally about street design, and lives in downtown Portsmouth, will discuss two-way streets, on-street parking and the pedestrian experience in Portsmouth. )