What is dental cement?
Dental cement is a biomaterial of multiple compositions and fluid consistency that is applied between two surfaces with the double objective of joining them, maintaining the restorative treatment carried out by the dentist, and protecting them, acting as a barrier that prevents the infiltration of bacteria and residues between the two adhered elements.
The use of dental cement in clinics is widespread since it is present in many processes of care and maintenance of the dentition: in oral surgery, dental cement is used to heal wounds and accelerate the postoperative period; in oral rehabilitation, it is applied as a compliment in the cementation of fixed prostheses, in endodontics, dental cement completes the sealing of the canals after cleaning the pulp, in preventive dentistry it is responsible for sealing fissures and pits, in conservative dentistry it is an excellent option for making temporary fillings preventing the advancement of oral pathology, and, finally, in orthodontics, has a vital role as a bonding element between the appliances and the teeth.
At DVD Dental, we present the latest options on the market in permanent and temporary dental cement so that, whatever you choose, you can always be sure that the material will not be affected by the action of saliva or by exposure to the oral environment. . Choosing a high-quality dental cement is essential to avoid the appearance of imperfections and ensure the hermeticity of the material, for a complete seal that favors the restoration of the masticatory function and dental aesthetics after the applied treatment.
We see, therefore, that it is an essential material for clinical use. However, depending on the type of treatment and your specific needs, the dentist may need different types of dental cement. At DVD Dental, we explain what each one consists of and what their main differences are so that you can choose in detail the one that suits you best.
Permanent and temporary dental cement. What differences are there?
Its chemical composition largely determines its durability and use. Thus, we find dental cement with indefinite (permanent adhesives) and glues of determined duration (provisional cement).
The latter are used in treatments that require previous temporary cementation, such as prostheses, crowns, and bridges. They are, therefore, a cement time widely used in conservative dentistry that has zinc oxide as the main component. This type of cement, easy to handle and remove later, when the dentist proceeds to place the definitive treatment, is the most widespread in dental clinics throughout Spain. It is made from powder and liquid fused into a reactive mixture. It is very economical and easy to adapt, and excess material applied during a treatment can be easily removed.
However, suppose the dentist’s objective when making the seal is to guarantee total impermeability and avoid all types of micro-leaks. In that case, temporary cement is not the best option (not to be placed in the most visible dental pieces, such as incisors, since it is not the one that provides the best aesthetic finish). In these cases, DVD Dental recommends permanent (or definitive) cement, being resinous cement, given their excellent adhesive properties, the preferred option.
Resin cement, made from polymers, is used with the highest degree of satisfaction in all types of dental disciplines. However, it is in implantology and dental prostheses where they play a significant role. This type of cement is ideal for the fixation of crowns, bridges, and veneers due to its excellent resistance capacity.