Fluency is necessary for writing; every writer is bound to maintain it in their text. Lack of logical flow distracts readers. The writer has to introduce many points in a text, which is not a difficult task. But the establishment of a connection between all points is an art. Hence, the paragraph helps the writer in introducing something new. In the PEEL framework, the most crucial concern is structuring a section. A well-structured paragraph ensures good quality of the context.
Structure of Paragraph in academic writing
Before starting an assignment, a student must know about the proper structuring of the paragraph.
Best way to structure your paragraph
The best paragraph is one that contains four well-organized components. The introductory paragraph of a thesis includes a thesis statement. Apart from that, all other sections have the following four components;
- Topic sentence
- Supporting sentence
- Concluding sentence
Yet, different paragraph structuring frameworks help writers maintain the logical flow. This is for each paragraph. The two most common paragraph structuring frameworks are as follows;
- PEEL framework
- HEEL framework
Note: Both frameworks are efficient enough for giving a well-organized structure to each paragraph of your thesis. But the following section will provide you with a complete guide to using the PEEL framework.
What is PEEL Framework?
People often laugh after listening to the word ‘PEEL.’ The connection between the structure of paragraph and PEEL is essential. PEEL aims to increase the clarity of the sentence. The purpose of PEEL is to introduce one point in one section. The practice of giving many ideas in a single area is challenging to handle. In this case, the writer often forgets to connect each point. As a result, the assignments may suffer from quality problems. Hence, PEEL will become your instructor for guiding the structure of a paragraph. The word PEEL stands for;
- P= point
- E= evidence
- E= explain
- L= link
PEEL suggests that for every paragraph in academic writing, these four things are necessary;
- The first two lines of a paragraph must have a unique point. The unique topic sentence for each paragraph aims to reflect what you are going to discuss. In addition to this, it must justify the thesis statement as well.
- Every claim needs proper evidence. Likewise, every problem statement also needs evidence. This is so that other people can understand your perspective. So after writing the topic statement, you need to support it with evidence. This evidence may be in the form of literature findings, statistical data, or news reports.
- After giving evidence, you need to explain how that evidence supports the topic statement. This step helps the reader in understanding relevance of your point. This is the lengthiest part of the paragraph.
- At end of the paragraph, you need to link topic sentence and the thesis statement.
PEEL’s method of structuring the paragraph does not only increase the clarity. It also helps help writers in convincing their readers.
Quality Assurance Steps:
Recommended by an assignment writing service, every writer should consider some necessary things while using the PEEL framework. These are as follows;
Step 1: After writing a paragraph using the PEEL framework, read carefully. This is for checking whether the topic sentence is strong enough to support the thesis statement or not. If you don’t find good relation between these two, you should consider revision. If the connection between the topic sentence and thesis statement exists, follow step 2.
Step 2: In this step, you need to cross-check for the relevance of the example and evidence. If not, you should replace it with a better version. If yes, then go for step 3.
Step 3: The third step aims to check whether the explanation section answers ‘why’ and ‘how’ or not. Your explanation must show how this example. This is because it helps strengthen the argument. It should also explain how it conveys the message. If the explanation section is efficient enough, you should go for step 4.
Step 4: The fourth step in this framework is to check the purpose of the ‘L’ part of the PEEL. Here, you need to check whether the last few lines of a paragraph are strong enough or not. After cross-checking all four PEEL points, you can follow the same process for another section.
Example of structuring your paragraph with the PEEL framework
|P||Watching too many cartoons, especially on mobile phones, increases stubbornness in children under 11 years.|
|E||Our children spend plenty of time watching cartoons. In research, Kayla Bois and Brad Bushman summed up children’s average comics watching time. This report stated that children aged 1-2 years spend 32 hours watching cartoons. But the watching time in children aged 6-11 years is different. It is 28 hours per week.|
|E||This data suggests that children aged 1-2 spend 32 hours out of 168 hours watching cartoons. This is every week. Likewise, children aged 6-11 years pay 18 out of 168 hours a week. This analysis suggests that a child spends 16-19 percent of the week seeing cartoons. This is every week. Hence, the comics never obey anyone’s commands. Similarly, the children seek this one-direction behavior of cartoons.|
|L||Moreover, children see others spending much time with cartoons impacts their attitude. The stubbornness of children under age 11 is also a result of that one-sided animation.|
Note: In the above paragraph, only one piece of evidence supports the existence of the topic sentence. But it depends upon the writers. They can also use two or more pieces of evidence to help a topic sentence. Likewise, you can use paragraphs as much as you can. There is no hard and fast rule regarding the number of sections in a text. Another thing that can help you estimate the number of paragraphs is the available word count. Before making the initial outline, you can divide the word count by 150 (average paragraph length).
Let’s suppose you have to write 1500 words in an essay. Then, for a rough idea about the number of paragraphs, you can use the following equation;
Numbers of paragraphs= Total word count/150
Numbers of paragraphs= 1500/150 = 10